Text for Journal of the New York Botanical Garden

              Vol. Ill DECEMBER, 1902 No. 36
The New York Botanical Garden
Director of the Laboratories
Some Historic Trees 213
A Remarkable Plant of a South American Tail- flower 221
Report of the Director- in- chief on his Visit to the Royal Gardens, Kew 223
Notes, News and Comment 224
Accessions 225
Death of Dr. Timothy F. Allen 232
Index 233
O F F I C E R S , 1 9 0 2.
B O A R D OF- M A N A G E R S .
PROF. L. M. UNDERWOOD, Chairman.
G A R D E N S T A F F .
DR. N. L. BRITTON, Director- in- Chief.
DR. D. T. MACDOUGAL, First Assistant.
DR. JOHN K. SMALL, Curator of the Museums.
DR. P. A. RYDBERG, Assistant Curator.
DR. ARTHUR HOLLICK, Assistant Curator.
DR. MARSHALL A. HOWE, Assistant Curator.
F. S. EARLE, Assistant Curator.
GEORGE V. NASH, Head Gardener.
DR. H. H. RUSBY, Curator of the Economic Collections.
DR. WM. J. GIES, Consulting Chemist.
COL. F. A. SCHILLING, Superintendent.
JOHN R. BRINLEY, Landscape Engineer.
WALTER S. GROESBECK, Clerk and Accountant.
CORNELIUS VAN BRUNT, Honorary Floral Photographer.
The New York Botanical Garden
VOL. III. December, 1902. No. 36.
Considering their abundance and their economic importance
it is a curious circumstance that there is a widespread ignorance
of our native trees. From a testing of class after class in botany
for the past twenty- five years added to information derived from
association with people in general, we have come to the con­clusion
that less than one per cent, of our population know ten
trees accurately by name. Aside from the pine, the oak, the
maple, and the elm which every one would be supposed to recog­nize,
but unfortunately does not, the ordinary trees, even those
passed by daily for years are a sealed book to the great majority
of our fellow citizens. An amusing illustration of this popular
misinformation appeared a few years since in the successive issues of
several of our New York papers. It commenced with Harper s
Weekly which gave an elaborate account of the thirteen OAKS
planted by Alexander Hamilton to commemorate the formation
of the original states of the federal union. A little later the
Spectator whose observations are to be found in the pages of The
Outlook, took a short trip with a party about historic New York
and in his account of the trip mentioned visiting the Hamilton
MAPLES. Still later the Times gave one morning as a portion of
" the news fit to print " an account of the dilapidated and neg­lected
condition in which one of its reporters found the Hamilton
ELMS. This called out a reply from your lecturer stating the
true nature of the trees, and the morning after it was printed
* Lecture given in the autumn course at the Museum of the New York Botanical
Garden, October 25, 1902.
came a letter from one of the grandsons of Alexander Hamilton
stating that the trees were LIME TREES which his ancestor had ob-
FlG. 28. The group of sweet gum trees planted by Alexander Hamilton, Con­vent
Ave. and 143rd St., New York city. From a recent photograph.
tained from Mount Vernon on one of his visits to Washington.
Now the facts of the case are that these trees are not oaks and
not maples and not elms and not limes ( or lindens) but plain
straightforward examples of sweet gum ( Liquidambar) a tree
not uncommon in the native forests about New Yo k, and yet
one whose corky- winged twigs are sometimes sold on the city
streets as " the rare alligator- wood from the tropics."
These trees stand on Convent avenue and 143rd street, nearly
opposite the old Hamilton grange, and to the shame of the city's
regard for the historic have been allowed to suffer neglect, and at
present only one or two of them are living and the dead trunks
still standing are covered with signs " for sale." With the rapid
increase of building in the vicinity they are certain to pass
speedily out of existence.
Most trees, or at least those of the commoner sorts, are not
difficult to recognize and that by very simple characters. Even
a botanist of very fair ability might quail at certain of the critical
species of oaks and hickories, but the greater number of even
these groups are well- marked and unmistakable. Most trees
have such pronounced characters that we ought to recognize
them as easily as we recognize old friends, and their study has
been greatly popularized by such works as those of Miss Keeler
and Miss Lounsberry, and Miss Huntington's Trees in Winter.
Most trees have characters that are to be found in the buds, in
the leaves, in the bark, and in the general habit, so that by one
or the other sets of characters they may be recognized in winter,
spring, summer, or autumn. There is no more inviting and profi­table
field for amateur study in botany than among the trees,
nor one that will yield surer, more pleasant, and more helpful
Trees have been associated with human interests and human
happiness since the earliest times. Way back before historic
times the savage looked to certain trees for protection from the
lightning and from other violent demonstrations of the elements,
and came to regard certain trees with greater esteem than others.
With the early dawning of the religious instinct, trees were asso­ciated
with early forms of worship and it was no mere poetical
fancy that " the groves were God's first temples." The children
of Israel found the Hamitic tribes, who occupied the promised
land upon their entry thereto, a race of tree worshippers, and the
cutting down of the groves was a part of their work of destruc­tion
of the Hamitic idolatry, coordinate with the overturning of
idols of wood, brass, and iron, and the destruction of heathen
altars. Among the Mongolian races certain trees are held sacred
and certain species whose allies have long since become extinct
have been preserved to us in China and Japan by being planted
and cared for about the temples. Even among the Celtic races
the same conditions have prevailed to a certain extent. The
Druids held the oak as a sacred tree and the practice was trans­ferred
to the Anglo- Saxons. Within the city of London a rail­way
station still bears the name of " Gcspel Oak " from the early
practice of associating religious service with trees, and gospel
oaks still exist in many parts of England where the name has
not passed from the tree to the locality. It is perhaps not strange
that the majesty of some of the grand old trees, more impressive
than the aisles of the grandest cathedral man has formed, should
lead men to cultivate the religious sentiment, for man's
—" simple heart
Might not resist the sacred influences
Which from the stilly twilight of the place,
And from the gray old trunks that high in heaven
Mingled their mossy boughs, and from the sound
Of the invisible breath that swayed at once
All their green tops, stole over him, and bowed
His spirit with the thought of boundless power
And inaccessible majesty."
In more tropical lands, too, as the early inhabitants of America
carried the elements of civilization across the Pacific, they carried
with them the trees that were to them the most useful, and to­day
there is not a tropic isle in either hemisphere that is not girdled
with a fringe of cocoanut palms, and on every sea- girt islet it is
true for the native inhabitant that —
" To him the palm is a gift divine,
Wherein all uses of man combine —
House and raiment and food and wine! "
Besides the cocoanut palm other species stand in the same
relation to island inhabitants. The date palm of the desert forms
the food of the Berber and in the recently added island of Puerto
Rico the royal palm serves almost every possible use for the
inhabitants from the siding of a house to the body of a saddle.
Trees have long been the subjects of familiar allusion in litera­ture
; there is no more delightful picture of forest life and forest
scenery than Shakespeare's Forest of Arden in " As you like i t"
and many others besides Shakespeare and the banished duke
have found " tongues in trees" and " books in the running
brooks." Certain sorts of trees have suggested certain traits of
character, as the oak of sturdiness, as in the case of the guard in
Coriolanus who says of his general, " He is the rock, the oak
not to be wind shaken," or again of toughness, as when the oak
is mentioned as " unwedgeable," " hardest- timbered," " gnarled,"
and as possessing " knotty entrails." To the American poet a
finer grain of sentiment is aroused by the white pine—" the mur­muring
pine," as in that most touching allusion to the burial of
Hawthorne on that " hilltop hearsed with pines," which marks
the last resting place of Emerson, Thoreau, and Hawthorne,
whose life- long friend said of it
" I only hear above his place of rest
Their tender undertone,
The infinite longings of a troubled breast,
The voice so like his own."
Besides the oak and the pine, the lithe willow, the prickly
holly, the bearded hemlock, the evergreen magnolia, and the
spreading beech have all been the subject of the poet's song.
The last named tree with its smooth bark yielding so easily to
the knife has for ages been the lover's tree ; it was surely such a
beech that Orlando selected as the medium on which to convey
his thoughts of Rosalind :
" These trees shall be my books
And in their barks my thoughts I'll character ;
That every eye, which in this forest looks,
Shall see thy virtue witnessed everywhere.
Run, run, Orlando; carve on every tree,
The fair, the chaste, the unexpressive she."
And it was for this offence that the melancholy Jaques begged
him to " mar no more trees with writing love songs on their barks."
Trees have also played their part in history and romance and
sites of important events have long been marked by them.
Where the event occurred apart from trees it has often been cus­tomary
to mark the spot by a tree planted by some distinguished
person. Albert Edward, now King Edward the seventh, planted
a tree at the grave of Washington on the occasion of his visit to
America in i860; General Grant planted the tree which marks
the site of the Lexington church on the centenary of the battle,
April 19, 1876, and Li Hung Chang planted the sacred tree of
China over the site of the first burial place of Grant on the banks,
of the Hudson.
Heme's Oak at Windsor, under which the festivities of Hal­lowe'en
were held and under which Falstaff played the fool and
came to grief through the merry wives of Windsor, was not
obliterated until 1863, not far from Windsor Castle. Every
Yankee school boy knows the story of our own most famous
oak where the royal charter of Connecticut was hid, and the
church bells of Hartford tolled a requiem when the old tree fell
in 1856. All about New York are trees which traditions say
were the hanging places of British spies ; one of the most noted
of these is the old " cow- boy oak" at Yonkers.
The linden tree was one of the favorite trees of German legend
and even to- day there are usually lindens standing in the mar­ket
places of most of the smaller cities and towns where the
peasants of the Fatherland sing and dance " unter den Linden."
The famous street of Berlin which bears this name from the
double row of lindens along its central esplanade loses much of
its fascination when we find that the trees, far from meeting our
expectations, are of recent planting and form an inconspicuous
setting to the higher buildings that line either side of the street.
One of the most famous lindens in Germany is the one at Nur­emberg
which stands,
" I n the court yard of the castle bound by many an iron band,''
reputed to have been planted by Kunigunde, wife of Duke Henry
the second, of Bavaria, who was crowned king of the Germans
in the year 1002, and emperor in 1014. At the time Longfel­low
wrote his famous Nuremberg poem in the early forties it was
rapidly going into a decline, and when I saw it in 1895 it bore
only one tuft of living leaves from a single adventitious sprout.
The elm has long been the favorite tree for bordering walks
and drives and among the most famous have been those on
either side the " Broad walk" at Oxford; our own New Haven
elms and those of Boston Common have also been justly famous
in the past, but now are fearfully ravaged by the beetles and
caterpillars as well as passing into the decline that early over­takes
all the shade trees of modern gas- lighted cities. Perhaps
no single tree in America is better known than the elm that
stands opposite Cambridge Common under which Washington
took command of the American Army in 1775. Other famous
elms are those of Waverley and Sheffield in Massachusetts, and
Canaan in Connecticut.
The horsechestnut, a native of Central Asia, has long been
planted in Europe and vies with the American elm as a shade
tree, attaining there a magnificence unknown in this country.
Among the most famous of this species are those of Bushy Park
near Hampton Court, whose trunks measure three and four feet
in diameter, and the solitary one at the side of Brasenose College
in Oxford, known as Bishop Heber's chestnut, as it still shades
the window of the room he occupied when a student in the univer­sity,
long before he wrote of " Greenland's icy mountains."
Certain beeches are also well known, particularly in Europe,
where the tree stands in higher repute than with us. The Burn-ham
beeches are perhaps the most noted, and some of those at
Fontainbleau are famous because of their history and associa­tions.
Botanical gardens have frequently served to preserve trees of
historic interest. At the Botanical Garden of St. Petersburg they
point out the poplar planted by Peter the Great; at the Jardin
des Plantes in Paris is the cedar of Lebanon which Jussieu brought
from the Holy Land in the crown of his hat; and at the Kew
Garden are the " Seven Sisters" planted for the daughters of
King George — now decrepit elms, while on the banks of the
neighboring Thames is " Queen Mary's elm," still older, and
the spreading linden under which the children of George the
third had their out- of- door school.
In considering the age of trees it must be borne in mind that
the so- called annual rings are entirely unreliable for determining'
age. These rings represent periods of growth, but not necessa­rily
annual periods. A tree known to be eight years from the
seed has been found to possess thirteen rings. The same may
be said of the growth of the shoot which is sometimes used to
measure the age of branches. Every grower of trees from the
seed is familiar with the fact that the second terminal bud on any
given shoot is likely to expand during a season with alternations
of rain and drouth, and one who has grown trees extensively
from the seed has told me of five successive terminal buds ap­pearing
one after another on the same shoot during the present
season. It is probably true that during the ordinary season the
average tree will produce but a single growth ring, but it is like­wise
true that it may produce two and even more the same year.
It is true that there are traditions of trees that are two thousand
years old, but it is certain that most of these rest on very hazy
historical data and in the few cases where the evidence is more
reliable it still lacks much of certainty. We have cited the
instance of the old linden at Nuremberg nine hundred years
old, and there are oaks in the forest of Thuringen around which
legends have clustered for eight hundred years, and doubtless
some of the oaks of our New England openings have an age of
five hundred, but in these latter cases we must content ourselves
with estimates.
It is generally supposed by Americans that the big trees of
California are the largest trees of the world, but if we can credit
the best botanical authorities of Australia, there are gum trees,
species of Eucalyptus, on that continent that are at least two hun­dred
feet higher than the tallest of the giant redwoods. But
while the old world may exceed us in this, our oaks, our maples,
our elms, and our pines are all much finer than the correspond­ing
species of Europe, so that if we are not first in all things we
are in many even in our forest productions.
In the latter part of the summer of 1900 an exceedingly inter­esting
collection of plants of varied character was presented to
the Garden by Mrs. F. L. Ames, of North Easton, Mass. A
detailed account of this appeared in the October number of the
Journal for that year, and reference was made at that time to the
large specimen of Anthurium Veitchii, one of the gems of that
collection, and the subject of this sketch. It was at that time
stated to be the largest plant in cultivation in this country, and it
was supposed to have no equal in Europe. During the past
spring the writer visited the principal botanical gardens of Europe,
and at none of them was a plant seen to equal this one, and at
but one place, the palm- garden at Frankfurt- am- Main, was a
plant observed which at all approached it in proportions and vigor.
The accompanying illustration will give some idea of its ap­pearance,
but only a visit to the plant itself will give an apprecia­tion
of the delicate shading and color of the striking leaves. Its
removal resulted of necessity in somewhat of a check to the plant,
but it soon became acclimated and put forth new leaves which
rapidly replaced those unavoidably damaged in transit. Within
a few months it had recovered its wonted vigor, and this improve­ment
has continued until at the present time it has assumed the
place of dignity in the house in which it is installed. It is located
in the westerly side of No. 4, on the opposite side to the bananas,
where it has been since its arrival. The plant now has a spread
of a little over eight feet and has about seventy leaves, the ma­jority
of them having a length of about four feet and a width of
one foot. These are pendulous from long petioles, in some
cases equalling the leaves in length, and entirely conceal the
body of the plant and also in large part the tub in which it is
While the aroid family, to which this belongs, is widely dis­tributed,
mainly in tropical regions, the anthuriums, or tail- flowers,
as they are sometimes called, are not found outside of tropical
America. Some 200 species are known up to the present time,
and by far the greater part of these are from South America, with
Central America second ; a few scattering species occur in the
West Indies.
There are many showy foliage plants among the members of
the aroid family, but few, if any, can equal this in the noble pro-
FlG. 29 Anthurium Veitchii Masters. Given by Mrs. F. L. Ames.
portion of its leaves or in their rich coloring or delicate shading.
Between the modest little jack- in- the- pulpit of our own wet woods
and this giant from the forests of Colombia there is apparently a
world of difference, and so there is in general appearance, but an
examination of the flowers of each will quickly show that they
are members of the same family, and it is these constant and
essential resemblances which indicate their affinity.
Gentlemen. By permission of Mr. D. O. Mills, President of
the Board of Managers, I was absent from the Garden for the
four weeks between August 16th and Sept. 13th on a visit to the
Royal Gardens, at Kew, England.
My visit was for the purpose of comparing certain unnamed
specimens in our collections with authentically named specimens
in the collections of that institution, and to study certain cul­tural
methods and the arrangement of museum, conservatory and
out- of- door collections. About five hundred specimens were
taken from our herbarium for comparison, twelve of which
proved to represent species new to science, and a large number
of others are of particular scientific interest as illustrating mor­phological
facts hitherto unknown and extensions of geographic
The greater part of my time while at Kew was given to the
study of the collections of North American sedges ( Cyperaceae)
for the more complete and accurate descriptions of these plants
in my monograph now in preparation ; the examination of these
collections was the more important on account of the prolonged
study already given to them by Mr. C. B. Clarke of Kew, who
has for many years been preparing a monograph of the Cyper­aceae
of the world. Mr. Clarke most obligingly gave me con­tinuous
aid during my visit, including the use of much of his
manuscript, and critically examined many of our specimens at
my request. I am deeply grateful for his advice and assist­ance.
A considerable number of specimens of plants of the West In­dies
obtained by our collectors in Porto Rico, Cuba and by my­self
in St. Kitts, were also compared and satisfactorily determined,
and I also took advantage of the opportunity to examine the type
specimens of many species of North American plants, especial
attention being given to some of the Crassulaceae.
My examination of the collections of living plants was greatly
facilitated by the personal attention of Sir William Dyer, Director
of the Royal Gardens, to whom we are greatly indebted for much
valuable information and suggestion.
Respectfully submitted,
Director- in- Chief.
Professor M. Treub, Director of the Botanical Garden, at
Buitenzorg, Java, was a visitor at the garden during a few days
in mid- November and again toward the end of the month. In
addition to the inspection of some of the other botanical insti­tutions
of America, Professor Treub made a study of the organ­ization
of the Bureau of Plant Industry of the U. S. Department
of Agriculture. The entire botanical and agricultural needs of
the island of Java, with its twenty- four millions of inhabitants,
are cared for in the Buitenzorg Garden, which is thus in effect
a department of Agriculture of the Dutch government for the
island. Very important arrangements for future exchanges of
seeds, specimens and books were made with him.
Dr. and Mrs. F. C. Clements, of the University of Nebraska,
are in residence at the Garden making some special studies of
the flora of Nebraska in connection with ecological work in that
region and in the Rocky Mountains.
Professor A. D. Selby, botanist, and chief of the division of
plant physiology and pathology in the Ohio Agricultural Experi­ment
Station has obtained leave of absence for six months and
has come to the Garden to carry on some special investigations
in pathology and physiology.
Dr. M. A. Howe, assistant curator, has returned from a six
weeks' collecting trip along the coast of Florida, bringing a large
number of specimens of the algal flora of the Keys.
Professor F. S. Earle, assistant curator, returned from Jamaica
on December 2d. During his tour on the island of Jamaica an
investigation was made of a number of diseases of the economic
plants and a large collection of fungi was made.
The Garden has recently obtained, by purchase, a collection
of 68 specimens of fossil plants from the Cretaceous ( Dakota
Group) of Kansas, collected by Mr. Charles H. Sternberg.
The collection includes 22 genera and 36 species and varieties,
all but nine of which were previously unrepresented in the paleo-botanical
museum. All are beautifully preserved and will be
fine material for display. One undescribed species is included,
which represents a petal of a large magnolia flower. This has
been figured and will shortly be made the subject of an illus­trated
The total amount of precipitation in the Garden during
November, 1902, amounted to 1.72 inches. Maximum tem­peratures
of 650 on the 14th, 64.50 on the 22d, and 550 on the
24th, and minima of 32° on the 1st, 300 on the 6th, 26.5° on
the 24th, and 23.5° on the 29th were recorded.
The Hallock thermograph recorded a temperature of the soil
at a depth of one foot ( 30 cm.) of 290 on the 1st, rising to 32°
on the 16th, and falling to 28° on the 30th.
3 specimens of Polygonum Zuccarinii from Missouri. ( Given by Prof. G. W.
13 specimens of flowering plants from Illinois. ( Given by Dr. J. Schneck.)
52 specimens from Montana and Utah. ( By exchange with Oberlin College.)
2 photographs of Isotria afpnis. ( Given by Prof. L. R. Jones.)
79 specimens from Colorado. ( By exchange with the Colorado Agricultural
15 specimens from New Mexico and Colorado. ( By exchange with Prof. T. D.
A. Cockerell.)
IO specimens, 3d decade, " North American Violaceae." ( By exchange with
the U. S. National Museum.)
7 specimens from central New York. ( Given by Miss M. L. Overacker.)
5ospecimens, " MusciAm. Sept." ( Distributed by Messrs. Renault and Cardot. )
5 specimens of mosses from Mt. Central, Colorado. ( Collected by Mr. Carl F.
26 specimens of mosses and lichens from Peru. ( Collected by M. de Lautreppe.)
47 specimens of mosses from Europe and America. ( By exchange with the
Botanical Garden, Copenhagen.)
io specimens of mosses from Vermont and Long Island. ( Collected by Dr. A. J.
27 specimens of mosses from Virginia and New York. ( By exchange with Dr.
W. A. Murrill.)
6 specimens of mosses from the Upper Susquehanna Valley. ( By exchange
with Mr. E. G. Barbour.)
18 specimens from Norway. ( Collected by Dr. P. A. Rydberg.)
6 specimens from Central New York. ( Given by Mr. H. D. House.)
18 specimens of fungi from California. ( By exchange with Mr. A. A. Heller.)
5 specimens of Quercus from New Mexico. ( Given by Prof. T. D. A. Cockerell.)
197 specimens from Colorado. ( By exchange with Mr. Geo. E. Osterhout.)
3 specimens of Heuchera from Western Pennsylvania. ( Given by Mr. John
4 specimens of white- fruited strawberry from Pennsylvania. ( Given by Mr. O. P.
23 specimens of mosses from Huntington, Long Island. ( Given by Miss J. E.
26 specimens " Musci Pleurocarpi." ( Distributed by Dr. A. J. Grout.)
8 specimens of Salix from Nevada. ( By exchange with Mr. Carl F. Baker.)
2 specimens from California. ( Given by Mr. L. R. A brains.)
1 specimen from Colorado. ( Given by Dr. J. H. Barnhart.)
44 specimens from Wyoming. ( Given by Professor J. F. Kemp.)
I specimen of Ribes prostratum from Lake Champlain, N. Y. ( Collected by Dr.
D. T. Macdougal.)
II specimens of Aster from Kentucky. ( By exchange with Miss Sadie F.
70 specimens of mosses from western Minnesota. ( Collected by Prof. J. M. Hol-zinger.)
228 specimens, " Plantes Crypt, de France Exsiccatae." ( Distributed by M. J. B.
H. J. Desmazieres.)
19 specimens of hepatics from New York and New Jersey. ( By exchange with
Miss C. C. Haynes.)
iS. specimens of mosses from Virginia and North Carolina. ( Collected by Dr.
JohnK. Small.)
105 specimens of mosses and lichens from Woodland, New York. ( Given by
Mrs. E. G. Britton.)
51 specimens of European mosses. ( By exchange with Dr. G. Roth.)
4 specimens of Crassulaceae from the Sierra Nevada. ( Given by Mr. S. H. Burn-ham.
19 drawings of Bahama plants. ( Given by Mrs. J I. Northrop.)
3 specimens from New Jersey. ( Given by Rev. L. H. Lighthipe.)
36 specimens from eastern North America. ( By exchange with Miss F. A. Mul-ford.)
1,200 specimens from Florida. ( Collected by Dr. J. K. Small and Mr. G. V.
4, ioo specimens from Porto Rico. ( Collected by Dr. A. W. Evans and Mr. P.
" Wilson.)
2,300 specimens from Texas, New Mexico and Illinois. ( Collected by Messrs.
Earle and Tracy.)
6,500 specimens of marine algae from Florida. ( Collected by Dr. M. A. Howe.)
9 succulents. ( By exchange with the National Museum, Washington, D. C.)
7 plants for the conservatories. ( By exchange with the Buffalo Botanic
54 Veronicas for the conservatories. ( By exchange with the Botanic Garden,
Cambridge, England.)
75 Irises, mostly hardy. ( By exchange with the Botanic Garden, Cambridge,
4 Hegonias. ( By exchange with Mr. Ludwig.)
24 plants for the herbaceous grounds. ( Collected in the vicinity by Mr. P.
31 plants for the herbaceous grounds and conservatories. ( By exchange with Mr.
H. A. Dreer.)
23 plants for the herbaceous grounds. ( Collected by Mr. D. S. George at Salis- i
bury, Ct.)
277 plants for the conservatories. ( By exchange with the Botanic Garden, Ber­lin,
4 tree ferns from Porto Rico. ( Collected by Mr. P. Wilson.)
26 plants for the herbaceous grounds. ( Collected at Swartzwood Lake and New­ton,
N. J., by Dr. N. L. Britton.)
3 plants of Nympltaea sp. ( Collected by Mr. M. J. Elrod, Big Fork, Mont.)
1 Caryota urens. ( Given by Mr. H. McK. Twombly.)
25 Stapelia cuttings. ( By exchange with the Royal Gardens, Kew, ' England.)
1 Araucaria Bidwillii. ( Given by Mrs. C. L. lselin.)
I Agave Americana. ( Given by Mrs. Wyler )
1 Ribesprostratum. ( Collected by Dr. D. T. MacDougal at South Bay, Lake
12 Rhododendron Catawbiense. ( Collected by Dr. W. A. Cannon.)
1 Agave Morrisii. ( By exchange with the Missouri Botanical Garden.)
4 plants for the herbaceous grounds. { Given by Miss F. A. Mulford.)
3 Castalia sp. ( By exchange with the National Museum, Washington, D. C.)
1 Isoeles Engelmannii. ( Given by Dr. D. S. Johnson.)
2 orchids for the herbaceous grounds. ( Given by Mr. T. E. Hazen.)
4 packets seeds. ( Given by Miss F. A. Mulford.)
30 packets seed. ( Purchased from Miss E. Harter.)
1 packet seed of Pachyrhizus Thunbergianus. ( Given by Miss E. C. Haynes.)
4 packets of seed. ( By exchange with the National Botanic Garden, Washing­ton,
D. C.)
14 packets of seed. ( By exchange with the Biltmore Herbarium.)
I packet seed of Cypripedium reginac. ( Given by Mr. Henry Ryder.)
I packet palm seed. ( Given by Dr. H. H. Rusby.)
I packet seed of Prunus eximia. ( Given by Mr. H. Lacey.)
26 packets of seed. ( Given by Mr. Sidney Rauschenberg.)
1 packet seed of Rosa gymnocarpa ? ( Given by Dr. T. F. Wilcox.)
1 packet seed of Vincetoxicum Alabamense. ( Given by Miss A. M. Vail.)
2 packets of seed. ( Given by Mrs. Hunter.)
AGARDH, J. G. Species Genera et Ordines Algarum. Vols. 1- 3. Lundae, 1848—
76. 6 vols. ( Given by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
AHERN, GEORGE P. Compilation of Notes on the Most Important Timber Tree
Species of the Philippine Islands. Manila, 1901. ( By exchange with Dr. J. H
ARKANSAS GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. Annual Report, 1888- 92. 8 vols. ( By ex­change
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ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL. Journal. Vol. 71. Calcutta, 1902. ( By ex­change.
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BATESON, W., and SAUNDER, E. R. Reports to the Evolution Committee of the
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BECK VON MANNAGETTA, G. R. Hilfsbuch fur Pfianzensammler. Leipzig,
Beitrage zur Biologic der Pfianzen. Herausgegeben von Dr. F. Cohn. Vols.
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BERG, OTTO. Pharmazeutische Botanik. Ed. 4. Berlin, i860. ( Given by
Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
BESSEY, CHARLES E. Botany for High Schools and Colleges. Ed. 6. New-
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BILLROTH, T. Untersuchungen iiber die Vegetationsformen von Coccobacteria
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BORKHAUSEN, M. B. Theorctisch- praktisches Handbuch der Forstbotanik.
Giessen, 1800- 1803. 2 vols.
Botanisk Tidsskrift. Vol. 13. Kjobenhavn. 1882- 83.
Botaniska Notiser. Upsala, 1839 ; 1842- 3; 1852; 1865. 5 vols.
CARRIERE, E. A. Traiti General des Coniferes. Paris, 1867. 2 vols.
CHIFFLOT, J. B. J. Contributions a I' Elude de la classe des Nymphlinees. Lyon,
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CLARKE, C. B. ( Unpublished plates to illustrate Monograph of Cyperaceae.)
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Denver 1888.
COMES, O. La Luce e la Transpirazione nelle Piante. Roma, 1879- 1880.
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DANA, JAMES D. The Geological Story. New York, 1880. ( Given by Dr. C.
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ENGLER, A., and DRUDE, O. Die Vegetation der Erde. Vol. 6. Leipzig, 1902.
European and Japanese Gardens. Philadelphia, 1902.
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FALDA, GIOV. BATTISTA. Le Fontaine delle Ville di Fiascati. Roma ( no
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FERNOW, G. E. Report upon the Forestry Investigations of the U. S. Depart­ment
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FRIES, ELIAS. Systema Mycologicum. Gryphiswaldae, 1721- 1729. 4 vols,
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FUCKEL, L. Enumeratio fungorum. Massoviae, i860. ( Given by Dr. L. M.
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L. M. Underwood.)
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA. Part 7, Lichenes and Hepaticae. Ottawa.
1902. ( By exchange.) •
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF GEORGIA. Bulletin, 4; 6; 7. 1896- 1898. 5 vols.
( By exchange with Dr. F. H. Knowlton.)
GODRON, A. Melanges de Teratologic Vegetale. Cherbourg, 1872.
GOEPPERT, H. R. Die fossile Flore der Permischen Formation. Cassel, 1865.
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GREEN, SAMUEL B. Forestry in Minnesota. St. Paul, 1902. ( Given by Dr.
D. T. MacDougal.)
GREW, NEHEMIAH. Musaeum Regalis Societatis, or a Catalogue and Description
of the Natural and Artificial Rarities Belonging to the Royal Society. London,
GRISEBACH, A. H. R. Genera et Species Gentianearum. Stuttgartiae, 1839.
HALLIER, ERNST. Die Pfianzlichen Parasiten des Menschlichen Korpers. Leip­zig,
1866. ( Given by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
HALLIER, ERNST. Parasitologische Untersuchungen. Leipzig, 1868. ( Given
by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
HANNAN, WILLIAM I. Textile Fibers of Commerce. London, 1902.
HANSGIRG, A. Phyllobiologie. Leipzig, 1903.
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HAYDEN, F. V. Eleventh Annual Report of the United States Geological ana"
Geographical Survey of the Territory embracing Idaho and Wyoming. Washington,
1879. ( Given by Miss Alexandrina Taylor.)
* HECKEL, ERNST. Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Berlin, i860. 2
vols. ( Given by C. G. Am Ende.)
HEISTER, LORENZ. De foliorum utilitate in constituendis plantarum generibus
usdemque facile cognoscendis. Helmstadii, 1732.
HEISTER, LORENZ. De Nominum plantarum mutatione utili ac noxia. Hel­mstadii,
HILDEBRAND, F. Die Parben der Bluthen in ihrer jetzigen variation und fru-heren
Entwicklung. Leipzig, 1879.
HlLDEBRAND, F. Die Geschechter Vertheilung bet den Pfianzen. Leipzig,
HOUGH, R. B. American woods, exhibited by actual specimens. Lowville,
1888- 98. 8 vols. ( Given by Mrs N. L. Britton.)
HUMBOLDT, ALEXANDER. Reise in die Aequinoctial- Gegenden des Neuen Con­tinents.
Stuttgart, 1859. 4 vols. ( Given by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
Instituto Bolanico delta R. Universita di Pavia. Ser. 2. Vols. 3- 5. Milano,
1894- 99. 3 vols. ( Given by the Torrey Botanical Club.)
Iowa Geological Survey, i8gj- i8g8. 7 vols. ( By exchange with Dr. F. H.
LEWKOWITSCH, J. Chemical Analysis of Oils, Fats, Waxes, and of the Com­mercial
Products derived therejrom. London, 1898.
LEWr OWITSCH, J. Laboratory Companion to Fats and Oils Industries. London,
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MCILVAINE, CH., & MACADAM, R. K. One Thousand American Fungi. Indian­apolis,
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Nederlandsch Kruidkundig Archief. Series 2. Vols. 1- 6. Nijmegen, 1871- 95.
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Nederlandsche Kruidkundig Archief: Naamlijst der Nederlandsche Phanero-gamen
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Poste'sia. The Year Book of the Minnesota Seaside Station, igoi. St. Paul,
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• ROUY, G. Illustrationes Plantarum Europae rariorum. Vol. 17. Paris,
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SAUNDERS, W. W., ED. Re/ ugium Botanicum. London, 1869- 71. 5 vols.
SCHLEIDEN, M. J. Handbuch der Medicinisch- pharmaceutischen Botanik. Leip­zig,
1852. 2 vols. ( Given by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
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Bluten. Braunschweig, 1902.
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T NDALL, JOHN. Essays on the Floating- Matter of the Air. New York, 1882.
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U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. Monographs. Vols. 2 ; 4- 5 ; 7- 11; 12. 9 vols.
( By exchange with Dr. F. H. Knowlton.)
Versailles [ Prospeckts Konigl. Franzosischen Pallaslen, Garten und Wasser-
IVerken). No place, no date.
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VRIES, HUGO DE. Untersuchungen iiber die Mechanischen Ursachen der Zells-treckung.
Leipzig, 1877.
WATELEY, THOMAS. Observations on Modern Gardening. Ed. 4. London,
WICHURA, MAX. Die Bastardbefrucktung im Pfianzcnreich erldutert an den
Bastarden der IVeiden. Breslau, 1865.
Zcitschrift fur Parasitenkunde. Vols. 1- 4. Jena, 1869- 75. 4 vols. ( Given
by Dr. C. G. Am Ende.)
The death of Dr. Allen, on December 5th, at the age of sixty-five,
removed one of the few remaining of the older botanists of
the city, and one whose advice has been constantly sought by the
younger generation during the whole history of the modern de­velopment
of botanical science in America. He was early asso­ciated
with Dr. John Torrey, and was one of the group of enthu­siastic
plant lovers who organized and incorporated the Torrey
Botanical Club in 1871, and he has served as one of its Vice-
Presidents for many years. His early botanical studies were
chiefly devoted to the flora of the vicinity of New York City, and
in the Catalogue of that flora, published by the Torrey Botanical
Club in its " Bulletin," from 1870— 1876, he appears as one of
the most important contributors. He subsequently took up the
study of water plants, and later restricted his researches almost
wholly to the peculiar and interesting group of Stoneworts, or
Chara family, which inhabits fresh- water ponds and pools nearly
all over the world ; in search of these plants he personally ex­plored
a very large part of the United States, and he employed
collectors to obtain them for him in both North and South
America and Asia, and by exchanges of duplicate specimens with
European students, gradually brought together one of the largest
herbaria of these plants ever formed ; this he presented to the
New York Botanical Garden early in 1891, and for some months
was a frequent visitor at the Museum Building, continuing his
studies and arrangement of these specimens, and pursued this
work until failing health rendered it impossible. He has also
contributed many books to the Library of the Garden, of which
he was one of the original incorporators.
Accessions 14, 37, 58, 83, 120, 152, 225
Acclimatization 152
Acer saQcharinum 125
Acrista tnonticola 178
Acrocomia media 179
Acrostichum 32
Adams, President of University of Ari­zona
Agassiz Association 112
Agave 33
Alabama Polytechnic Institute 140
Algae, morphology of 6, 149
taxonomy of 6, 149
Allen, Dr. T. F. 4
death of 232
Alsophila australis 109
echinata 179
American species of Limnorchis ( swamp-orchids)
and Piperia, North of Mexico,
The 37
Ames, Mr. Oakes 108
Ames, Mrs. F. L. 109, n o , 173, 221
Anadyomene stellata 164
Anatomy, physiological 7, 151
Anderson, Dr. A. P. 4, 5, 8, 149, 175,
on a new method of treating cereal
grains and starchy products 87
Anthurium Veitchii 221
Archangiopteris 49
Arizona, trip to 89
Arrangement of research work 148
Arthur, Dr. J. C. 107
Ascobolus 165
Asplenium no
Association International de Botanistes 36
Audubon Society 69
Bailey, L. H. 119
Baker, J. G. 49
Balfour, Dr. I. Bailey 142
Banker, Howard J. 175
publications of 69
Barron, Mr. Leonard 107
on Horticultural Society of New
York no
on June meeting of Horticultural So­ciety
of New York 135
on programme for June meeting of
Horticultural Society of New
York 113
Barstow 107
Batrachospermum 164
Baja California 92
Beadle, C. D. 119
Beeches, Burnham 219
Begonia Portoricensis 178
Behavior of pollen tubes, and tetrad for
mation in Diodia 5
Behnick, Herr 144
Bell, T. 135
Berckmans, P. J. no
Bessey, Prof. Charles E. 119
Big trees, California 220
Billings, Dr. John S. 57
Biscayne Bay 31
Bisnagas 91
Black River 49
Blechnum Cordovense I IO
Blodgett, F. H., publications of 69
Bolivia 4
Bonnet, Prof. E. 145
Botanical Garden, Buffalo 109
St. Petersburg 219
Gardens, European, report of Head
Gardener on his visit to 141
of Jamaica 109
Botanisches Centralblatt 36
Botany, economic 8, 151
regional, 7, 150
Bower, Prof. 36
Brandegee, T. S. 92
Bray, Prof. W. L. 99
Bretschneidera 50
Britton, Mrs. E. G. 6, 7, 119, 150
publications of 69, 70, 71
Britton, E. G., and Taylor, A., publica­tions
of 71
Britton, Dr. N. L. 26, 61, 118, 150, 151,
on completion of the public conser­vatories
on driveways, paths and grading 206
on the collection of tree- ferns no
on the preservation of native plants I
on the results of the use of the Stokes
fund for the preservation of native
plants 179
publications of 71, 72, 73, 74
report of the Director- in- chief on
his visit to the Royal Gardens,
Kew 223
Britton, N. L., and Brown, A., publica­tions
of 74
Britton, N. L., and Rydberg, P. A., pub­lications
of, 74
and Vail, A. M., publications of 74
Brongniart 29
Brown, Mr. E. 5
Brown, Mr. John Crosby, 109
Brown, Judge A. 2
Bryophyta, morphology of 6, 149
taxonomy of 6, 149
Buffalo Botanical Garden 109
Bulletin of Torrey Club 13
Bureau, Prof. L. E. 145
Burgess, Professor E. S. 7, 61, 150
Burmah 49
Burnham, S. H., publications of 74
Bustamente, Senor 91
Cactus, tree 90
Campbell, Dr. D. H. 36
Cannon, Dr. W. A. 5, 116, 210
Canton 48
Carter, Miss Maria E. 64
Caryota urens 207
Castanea dentata 132
Castanopsis 50
Cedar of Lebanon, Jussieu's 219
Cell, Physiology of the 5
Ceramium 165
Ceratiola 31
Cereal grains and starchy products, A new
method of treating 87
Cereus 33
giganteus 90, 97, 119, Figs. 15, 16,
ingens 94
Thurberi 95
Chamberlain, Dr. C. J. 36
Characeae 4
Cheiropteris 49
Chestnut, Bishop Heber's 219
Chicago, University of 11
Childs, J. L. 112
Chinese plants, Mr. A. Henry's collec­tion
of 47
Chollas 94, Fig. 13
Christ, Dr. H. 49
Cibotium Barometz 109
Schiedei 109
Cinchona bark and quinine in the East
Indies 51
Clarke, C. B. 223
Cora H. 69, 179
Clements, Dr. F. C. 224
Mrs. F. C. 224
Clinkaberry, H. T. i n
Close, Miss S. E. 112
Cocoanut grove 31
On the nutritive value and some of
the economic uses of the, 169
palm 216
Cocothrinax 32
Garberi 35
Cockayne, Mr. L. 105
Collard, Mrs. George Whitfield, 56
Collection of tree- ferns, The 109
Colorado 4
Columbia University 109
collection of fossil plants 27
Commissioner of parks, Borough of the
Bronx 56
Conference, international plant breeding
Conservatories, completion of the public
Constantin, Prof. J. 144
Contributions from the garden, No. 18, 36
No. 19, 37
No. 20, 37
Conventions, the weekly 5
Cooperation with the public schools 159
Cornell Forestry school 12
Coville, Frederick V. 119
Covillea 98, 137
Cowles, Dr. H. C. n
Cox, C. F., presentation to the garden of
old microscopes 168
Craddock, Mr. 210
Craig, Prof. 8
Crassulaceae 223
Crawford, Joseph 119
Creosote bush 98, 137
Cretaceous flora of eastern North America
7> I50
Crown bark 52
Cuba, trip to 26
Curtis, Dr. C. C. 7, 149, 151
Cyathea arborea 109, 179
Pubescens 109
Cyperaceae 223
Dascysypha resinosa, a fungus parasitic
on Abies balsamea 5
Davis Mountains 107
Deane, Walter 119
De Lautreppe, Mr. Albert 58
De Loubat, Duke 57
Dendrium 37
Devonian plants, a collection of 29
Dicksonia antarctica 109
Diodia, tetrad formation in, behavior of
pollen tubes 5
Disease, health and, in plants, F. S.
Earle 195
Dodge Mt. 11, 12, 161
Abrams, Mr. L. R. 152, 153, 155,
Allen, Mr. C. L. 38
Allen, Dr. Timothy F. 14, 15 16
17, 18, 19
Alsop, Mr. Jos. W. 193
Am Ende, Dr. C. G, 228, 229,
230, 231, 232
Ames, Mr. Oakes 154
Anderson, Mrs. A. A. 39
Anderson, Dr. A. P. 121
Andrews, Mr. M. L. 193
Angell, Miss 154
Austen, Mr. P. T. 121
Avery, Mr. Samuel P. 123
Babcock, Mr. 193
Baker, Mr. C. F. 85, 124, 152, 192
Baker, Mr. C. H. 154
Ballard, Dr. Addison 38
Barnhart, Dr. J. H., 14, 121, 122,
152, 226
Barre, Mrs. Geo. E. 38
Barron, Mr. Leonard 158
Bass, Col. E. W. 121, 152
Bateson, W., and Saunders, E. R.
Berckmans Co., P. J. 39
Bessey, Prof. Chas. E. 194
Bestelmeyer, Mr. John 39, 154
Billings, Miss Elizabeth 155, 156,
Biltmore Herbarium, 192
Britton, Dr. N. L. 14, 19, 121, 152,
153, 154, 188, 191, 226, 228,
Mrs. N. L. 39, 59, 60, 85, 122,
Brotherus, Dr. V. F., 153
Brown, Mrs. J. B. 154
Bryce, Miss Mary T. 124, 153
Bulley, Mr. Arthur K. 38
Burnham, Mr. S. H. 37, 85, 120,
187, 226
Cannon, Mr. W. A. 193
Chandler, Mr. H. P. 153
Childs, Mr. J. L. 193
Clarke, Miss P. C. 15
Clute, Mr. W. N. 154
Cockayne, Mr. L. 38, 86, 153, 154,
Cockerell, Mr. T. D. A. 38, 86,
192, 194, 226
Colorado Agricultural College, 192
Commissio ner of Agriculture, 59
Connelly, Mrs. 124
Correvon, H. 155
Cox, Mr. Charles F. 84
Crawford, Mr. J. 85, 152
Curtis, Dr. C. C. 153
Curtis, Mr. F. S. 153
Davidson, Dr. A. 192
Davis, Mr. W. T. 86
Davy, Mr. J. Burtt 38
Deane, Mr. Walter 152
De Lautreppe, Mr. Albert 60
de RaaslofT, Mr. H. 193
Dodge, Mr. W. E. 192
Doornbos, Mrs. J. 39
Dunbar, Mr. J. 120
Earle, Prof. F. S. 40, 85
Eastwood, Miss 193
Echter, Mrs. I. 193
Eggleston, Mr. Willard W. 154
Eiche, Martin, Jr. 14, 15, 16, 17,
.8, 19
Ellis, Mr. J. B. 152
Elrod, Prof. M. J. 38, 154
Gaynor, Mr. Wm. 122, 154
George, Mr. David S. 154
Gerassimow, Mr. J. J. 16
Gibbs, Mrs. Theodore K. 121
Gorman, Mr. M. W. 122
Gould, Miss Helen M. 39
Greene, Prof. E. L. 154
Griffiths, Dr. D. 37, 121, 152
Hacker, Mr. Otto 192
Hager, Mr. George J. 19
Hall, Mr. 193
Hall, Mr. H. M. 154
Halsted, Miss L. P. 123
Hamblet, Mr. 39
Harper, Mr. R. M. 37, 38, 86, 124,
• 54, 194
Harrison, Mr. C. M. B. 154
Hasse, Dr. 153
Havens, Mrs. M. C. 38
Hay, Mr. G. U. 39
Haynes, Miss C. C. 38, 154, 227
Hazen, Dr. T. E. 37, 227
Heller, Mr. A. A. 192
Henderson and Co. 193
Hoelbeck, Mrs. E. 0. 193
Holbrook, Mr. John S. 17, 154 155
Holder, Mr. F. T. 193
Hollick, Dr. Arthur 39, 40, 59, 60,.
84, 85, 192, 230, 231
Holmes, Mr. E. M. 124, 154
Holt, Mrs. Henry 192
House, Mr. H. D. 226
Hucker, Mr. Otto 153
Huger, Mr. A. 38
Hunter, Mr. 227
Husten, Mr. George 193
Howe, Dr. M. A. 83, 84
Iselin, Mrs. C. L. 227
Johnson, Mr. A. J. 39
Johnson, Dr. D. S. 192, 227
Jones, Prof. L. R. 225
Kearney, Mr. T. H. 152
Kellerman, Prof. W. A. 121, 152,.
Kemp, Prof. J. F. 37, 121, 226
Kirkwood, Mr. J. E. 192
kunhardt, Mr. W. B. 39
Lacey, Mr. H. 227
Letterman, Prof. G. W. 225
Lighthipe, Rev. L. H. 226
Lloyd, Mr. C. G. 152
MacDougal, Dr. D. T. 16, 17, 37,
84, 191, 229
MacKenzie, Mr. K. K. 187, 192,
1 9 3 „
Manda, Mr. W. A. 38
McKim, Rev. Haslett, 14, 16, 18,
19, 155, 156, 157, 158
Msdsger, Mr. O. P. 226
Merriam, Dr. J. S. 121, 153
Miller, Miss Bertha S. 120
Montgomery, Prof. J. H. 121
Morgan, Mr. J. Pierpont 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 59, 60
Morgan, Miss Maria, 39, 40
Mortimer, Mr. W. Golden 17
Mulford, Miss F. A. 194, 227
Murrill, Dr. W. A. 86
Nash, Mr. G. V. 37, 85
Niederlin, Mr. Gustavo 157
Northrop, Mrs. J. I. 226
Olcott, Mr. 192
Ostenfeld, C. H. 19
Osterhout, Mr. Geo. E. 154
Overacker, Miss M. L. 225
Parish, Mr. S. B. 37, 38
Payne, Mr. Joseph Frank 188
Peck, Miss Emma J. 193
Powell, Mr. J. L. 38
Rauschenberg, Mr. Sidney, 227
Rogers, Miss J. S. 226
Rolfs, Prof. P. H. 38, 86
Rose, Dr. J. N. 39, 154
Rusby, Dr. H. H. 227
Ryder, Mr. Henry 227
Saunders, E. R., and Bateson, W.
Schneck, Dr. J. 225
Schoney, Dr. L. 40
Schultz, Messrs. & Sons, 154
See, Mr. E. G. 39
Shafer, Mr. John 226
Shainwald, Mr. Ralph L., Jr. 38
Siebrecht, Mr. Henry 192
Slosson, Miss Margaret 121
Smith, Mr. Benj. H. 85
Smith, Mr. E. 154
Stevens, Prof. C. A. 192
Stokes, Miss Caroline Phelps, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 40, 84
Stokes, Miss Olivia Phelps, 16, 17, 18
Stone, Mr. Witmer 192
Taylor, Miss Alexandrina 230
Taylor, Miss Sadie 155
Thornber, Prof. J. J. 124
Torrey Botanical Club $ 9^ 83, 84,
122, 230, 231
Tracy, Mr. J. P. 154
Twombly, Mr. H. McK. 227
Underwood, Prof. L. M. 15, 16, 17,
84, 85, 121, 123, 157, 229, 231
Univ. of Nebraska 154
U. S. Nat. Museum 192, 193
Vail, Miss A. M. 40, 59, 60, 84, 227
Vetterman, Mr. Chas. 124
Vreeland, Mr. F. K. 38
Wakeman, Mr. A. 122
Warming, Prof. Eugene 19
Wenisch, Mr. A. 193
Wentworth, Miss 194
Werckle, Mr. 39
White, Mr. Robert 120
White, Miss Violette S. 39, 58, 83,
84, 120, 121, 122, 123, 157,
181, 182, 184, 185, 187, 188,
190, 191
Wilcox, Dr. T. F. 227
Withers, Mr. L. T. 154
Wood, Mr. James 153
Woods, Mr. Wm. H. S. 39
Wooton, Prof. E. O. 38
Wybe, Mrs. 227
Draba verna 125
Draparnaldia 163
Driveways, paths and grading, N. L.
Britton 206
Durand, Dr. 142
Dutcher, Mr. William 118
Dwyer, Thomas 210
Dyer, Sir William 224
Earle, Prof. F. S. 4, 5, 6, 8, 107, 149,
150, 151, 210, 224
on a collecting trip to western Texas
and New Mexico 137
on the health and disease in plants
" 95
Eastman, Joseph 135
Eastwood, Miss Alice 119
Echinocacti 91
Echo Lake 12
Ecology 5
Ectocarpus siliculosus 164
Effect of lightning on trees 131
Elaphoglossum 178
Elliott's key 33
Ellis collection 4
Elm, Queen Mary's 219
Elms, " Seven Sisters," at Kew Garden
Washington 219
Elrod, Prof. M. J. 8, 12
Embryology of spermatophyta 150
Emerson, Miss J. T. 107
Endowment fund, the 21, 56, 148
the need of additional 21
Engler, Dr. A. 143, 144
Eozoic plants 28
Epigaea repens 65
Epithelial cells of Zea 5
Equisetum sylvaticum 168
Erechtites hieracifolius 179
Eucalyptus 220
Eustis, Hon. John E. 56, 118
Evans, Prof. A. W. 140, 175, 178
Everglades 31, 34
Ewing, Mrs. J. H. 67
Abrams, Mr. L. 37
American Museum of Natural His­tory
Baker, Mr. C. F. 37, 120, 152, 226
Barbour, Mr. E. G. 226
Barnhardt, Dr. John Hendley 59,
85, 228
Biltmore herbarium 227
Botanic Garden, Berlin, Germany
Buenos Aires 154
Buffalo, N. Y. 38, 153, 227
Buitenzorg 38
Cambridge, England 124, 153,
154, 193. 227
Copenhagen 193, 226
Edinburgh 154, 194
Leiden, Holland 193
Upsala, Sweden 153
Utrecht, Holland 154
Washington, D. C. 227
Zurich 155
Brandegee, Mr. T. S. 152
Brunton, Mr. Frank 154
Buffalo Botanic Garden 38, 153, 227
Clute, Mr. W. N. 37
Cockayne, Prof. L. 121
Cockerell, Prof. T. D. A. 121, 152,
154, 225
Colorado Agricultural College 225
Correvon, H. 155
Curtiss, Mr. A. H. 85
Davis, Dr. J. J. 86
Department of Parks, 86, 153
Dreer, Mr. H. A. 227
Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Penn.
38, 153
Field Columbian Museum 120
Gardner, Mr. J. R. 192
Greene, Prof. E. L. 121
Haynes, Miss C. C. 226
Heller, Mr. A. A. 37, 152, 226
Herbarium of Harvard University 86
Holbrook, Mr. J. S. 38
Howell, Mr. Thos. 121
' Iowa Academy of Sciences 84
Kelsey, Mr. H. P. 39, 86
Knowlton, Dr. F. H. 228, 230
Kurtz, Prof. F. 192
Library of the Royal University5
Upsala 83, 84, 85
Ludwig, Mr. K. H. 153, 227
Macoun, Mr. J. M. 86
Missouri Botanic Garden 38
Mulford, Miss F. A. 226
Murrill, Mr. W. A. 192, 226
National Botanic Garden, Washing­ton,
D. C. 227
National Museum, 227
Nelson, Prof. Aven, 38, 152
New York Zoological Society, 38,
153, 193
Oberlin College 225
Osterhout, Mr. Geo. E. 120, 121,
152, 226
Pammel, Prof. L. H., 86, 120
Phipp's" Conservatories, Pittsburgh,
Penn. 154, 194
Price, Miss Sadie F. 226
Roth, Dr. G , 226
Royal Botanical Gardens, Berlin 120,
Royal Gardens, Kew 37, 153, 154
Schulz, and Son, Messrs. 193
Shinn, Mr. Chas. H. 16, 17, 18, 19,
Smith, Mrs. Hugh M. 156
Tracy, Prof. S. M. 37
Umbach, Prof. 121
University of Lund, Sweden 121
U. S. National Museum, 121, 153,
192, 225
Vassar College, 154
Weinberg, Mr. 39, 153
Wentworth, Mr. L. A. 192
Wilson, Mr. Percy 59
Faber, Dr. Ernst, 48
Fairmount Park, 109, no
Farlow, Dr. 62
Farquhar, Messrs. i n
Fawcett, Hon. Wm. 210
Fern, tree ( Alsophila echinata) 179
Cyathea arborea 179
Hemitelia grandifolia 179
Fiske, Josiah M. 56
Flathead Lake, 9, 10
Flora, local, An attempt to introduce a
seaweed into the 116 >
Flora of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia 5
Florida 4
Keys 33
Report of Dr. J. K. Small and
Mr. G. V. Nash upon a trip to 29
Florida East Coast Railway, the 30
Forbes, R. H. 90
Ford, Mr. 48
Forestry Association, The American, 63
Formosa, plants of 47, 48
Fossil plants 27
of Columbia University 4
Foster, Mr. i n
Fouquiera splendens 138
Fraxinus Americana 132
Frullania Bolanderi 166
Nisquallensis 166
Fucus serratus 116, 117
Funaria hygrometrica 167
Fund for the protection and preservation
of native plants, The Olivia and Caro­line
Phelps Stokes 2
Fungi, a collection of, presented by Dr.
John S. Billings 57
morphology of 6, 149
taxonomy of 6
Gies, Dr. W. J. 120, 148, 151, 176
On the nutritive value and some eco­nomic
uses of the cocoanut 169
Goebel, Prof. 36
Goethart, Dr. 36
Grading, driveways, paths and, by N. L.
Britton 203
Gramineae, taxonomy of 6, 150
Grammadenia Sintcnisii 178
Greene, Prof. E. L. 176
Grout, Dr. A. J. 179
on preservation of wild flowers 99
Guaymas 90
Gulf of California 90
Gum, sweet 215
Gymnotheca 50
Hainan 48
Halifax River 30
Hallock, Prof. William 119
Hallock thermograph 119, 126
Hamilton, Alexander 213
Mr. S. H. 57
Hans, A. 136
Harlow, S. H., publications of 74
Harper, Mr. R. M. 5
Harris, Mrs. Carolyn W. 119
Wilson P. 12
Harrow, Mr. 142
Hartia 50
Hasskarl 54
Havemeyer, T. A. 136
Haaen, Dr. Tracy 149
Health and disease in plants, F. S. Earle
Hedeoma 138
Hegen, Mr. R. H. 35
Hemitelia grandiflora 179
Hendrickson, Mr. 31
Henry, Augustine, on his collection of
Chinese plants 47
Henshaw, S., publications of 74
Hexamer, Dr. F. M. n o
Historic trees, some, by Lucien M. Un­derwood
Hitchcock, Dr. A. S. 175
Hollick, Dr. Arthur 5, 7, 61, 150
collections made by 27, 29
on paleobotany at the Garden 29
publications of 74
Hong Kong 48
Botanical Gardens 48
Horticultural Society of New York 110
June meeting of the 135
Programme for June meeting 113
the third annual meeting of, 105
Houttuynia 50
Howe, Dr. M. A. 4, 5, 6, 7, 61, 149,
150, 176, 210, 224
on an attempt to introduce a seaweed
into the local flora 116
on the microscopical exhibit 161
publications of 74
Huarequi 93
Huntington, Miss 215
Hupeh 48
Ichang 48
Indian River 30
International Plant Breeding Conference
Ipomea arborescens 94
Isthmia nervosa 163
Itoa 50
Jackson, Mr. 64
Janse, Dr. J. M. 143
Jardin des Plantes 219
paleobotanical collection at 219
Java 4
Jesuit's bark 52
Johnson, Dr. D. S. 108
June meeting of Horticultural Society of
New York 135
Kalmia latifolia 65
Keeler, Miss 215
Kew Garden, elms at 219
Report of the Director- in- chief on
his visit to the Royal Gardens, by
N. L. Britton 223
Keys, the 31
Key West 34
Kirkwood, Prof. J. E. 120, 140, 170, 176
and Dr. W. J. Gies 176
Knowlton, F. H. 119, 179
on suggestions for the preservation
of our native plants 41
Kootenay Mts. 9, n , 12
Laboratories, the 3
Lager and Hurrell 112
Lake Placid 9, 12
Lectures, Reception days and 177
Ledger 54
Leggett, Mr. William H. 13
Lepidium Virginicum 179
Leptiton Canadense 179
Lespedeza diversifolia 50
Leucosceptrum 50
Leucotkoe 37
Library, the 3
Some interesting additions to the,
Anna Murray Vail 203
Lightning, Effect of, on trees 131
Linden, George the Third's 219
Nuremberg 220
Liquidambar 215
Liriodendron Tulipifera 159
Lloyd, Prof. F. E. 6, 7, 149, 150, 151
Lofau Mountains 48 •
Lonicera 50
calcarata 50
Hilldebrandiana 50
Lotsy, Dr. 36
Lounsberry, Miss 215
Lycopodium 178
Lygodium 99
Lynch, Mr. 142
Lyon, Mr. A. P. 139
Lysimachia insignis 50
MacDougal, Dr. D. T. 5, 6, 7, 36, 61,
118, 119, 149, 151, 152, 170
on arrangement of research work 148
on effect of lightning on trees 131
on research work in the garden 3
on temperature of the soil 125
on the presentation to the garden of
old microscopes 168
publications of 74, 75, 76
report on an expedition to Arizona
and Sonora 89
report of explorations in Montana 13
trip to Arizona 26
and Lloyd, F. E., publications of
MacFadden, George W. 136
Manda, W. A. 136
Mangrove swamps 32
Marchandise, M. CI. 143
Markham 54
Marquesas 34
Martin, A. L. 112, 136
McDonald Lake 10
McKim, Rev. Haslett 13
McNichol, G. 136
Mekong 49
Mesozoic plants 28
Mesquite 137
Mexican plants collected by Mr. Lion
Diquet 57
Mexico 4
Mez, Dr. C. 144
Miami 31
Microscopes, old, presented by Mr. C. F.
Cox 168
Microscopical exhibit, the 161
Millspaugh, C. F. 119
Mnium cuspidatum 167
Mission Mts. 9
Missionary work, new 62
Missoula 8
Monotropsis odorata 108
Montana 4
explorations in, in 1901 8
University of 8
Moore, Dr. G. T. 36
Morgan, Miss Maria 13
Morphology, experimental 6, 149
of Algae 149
I of Bryophyta 149
of Fungi 149
of Pteridophyta 149
of Spermatophyta 149
Morphology and physiology of the seed­lings
of Arisaema triphyllum and A.
Dracontium 37
Morris, E. L. 119
Mount Omei 48
Mt. Misery 109
Nash, Mr. George V. 7, 108, 150, 152
on a remarkable plant of a South
American tail- flower 221
on a new palm for the conservatories
on an unusual specimen of a West
Indian orchid 145
on a palm of the Seychelles Islands
on visit to European botanical gar­dens
publications of 76, 77, 78
report on a trip to Florida 29
trip to Europe, 26
Native plants, The preservation of, N. L.
Britton, 1
Results of the use of the Stokes
Fund for the preservation of, N.
L. Britton 179
Nebraska 4, 8
Need of additional endowment, the 2i
Neozoic plants, 28
Nephrolepis, Anna Foster 111
exaltata Piersoni III
Newberry, Dr. John Strong 4, 5, 27
Newbold, F. R., 135
Newfoundland, 4
New method of treating cereal grains and
starchy products 87
New Mexico, collecting trip to, F. S.
Earle 137
New missionary work 62
New Zealand, 4
New Zealand, flora, features of the 105
Nichols, Mr. H. 135, 136
Nicholson, Mr. Geo. 211
Niles, Hon. W. W. 118
Nogales, 90, 95
Notes, news and comment 13, 36, 56,
107, 118, 140, 175, 194, 210
Nova Scotia 4
Nutrition, physiology of 7, 151
Oak, Charter 218
Cowboy 218
Gospel 216
Heme's 218
Thiiringen 220
Oldendorff, Mr. T. 92
Old Rode's Key 33
Oncidium altissimum 146
Baueri 145, 146
Opuntia 112
Orchid, West Indian, an unusual speci­men
of 145
Organ cactus 94, 95
Orton, Mr. 202
Palaeobotany 5, 7
at the garden 27
general, 150
Palaeozoic plants 28
Palm, cocoanut 216
croza 179
date 216
mountain ( Acrista monticola) 178
royal 217
for the conservatories, A new, George
V. Nash 207
of the Seychelles Islands, A, Geo.
V. Nash 171
Palmer, Dr. E. 107
Lowell N. 136
Palmetto 30
Palo bianco 94
Palo verde 93
Panicum 144
Parkinsonia 93
Paspalum 144
Pathological conditions caused by soil
due to atmospheric factors 151
Pathology, bateriological 151
functional 151
general 7
mycological 151
Paths, driveways and,- gradings, N. L.
Britton 206
Peck, Dr. C. H. 176
Penhallow, Dr. D. P. 36
Peruvian Bark 52
Philippines 49
Phoenicophorium Sechellarum 173
Phragmidium subcorticum 165
Physarum cinereum 163
Physical and floral features of Porto Rico,
Physiology, ecological 7
general 7, 151
of nutrition 151
Picea Mariana 196
Pierson, F. R. no
Pinus clausa 31
keterophylla 31
Plant Breeding Conference, International
Plant geography 150
Plant picture collection, The 139 *
Plants and climate of the San Francisco
Peninsula 5
Pleistocene flora of Maryland, collection
representing the 29
Poa pratensis, germination of 5
Pocono Mountain, Penn. 29
Podostemaceae 108
• Pollard, Mr. C. L. 107, 119
Polypodium 49, 178
vulgare 167
Polytrichum commune 166
Porto Rico 4
Physical and floral features of 5
Report of Mr. Percy Wilson, Mu­seum
aid, on a trip to
trip to 140
Preservation of native plants, The, by N.
L. Britton 1
suggestions for the 41
Problems in systematic mycology 5
Production of cinchona bark and quinine
in the East Indes 51
Programme for the June meeting of the
Horticultural Society of New York
" 3
Programme for the third annual meeting
of the Horticultural Society of New
York 105
Prosopis 137
Protection of native plants, Society for
the 63, 64
Ptilota elegans 164
Pteridophyta, morphology of 6, 149
taxonomy of 6, 150
Publications of the staff and students of
the New York Botanical Garden 69
Purdue University 107
Quercus alba, 132, 159
palustris 131, 133
Rex 50
rubra 159
Quina 52
Quinine and Cinchona bark in the East
Indies 51
Rajania Sintcnisii 178
Rand, Mr. G. C. 136
Reception days and lectures 61, 177
Renealmia racemosa 179
Rennert, Miss R. J. 37
publications of 78
Report of Dr. D. T. MacDougal, First
Assistant, on an expedition to
Arizona and Sonora 89
on explorations in Montana in 1901 8
Dr. J. K. Small and Mr. G. V.
Nash upon a trip to Florida 29
Mr. F. S. Earle, Assistant Curator,
on a collecting trip to western
Texas and New Mexico 137
Mr. Percy Wilson, Museum Aid, on
a trip to Porto Rico 178
the Director- in chief on his visit to
the Royal Gardens, Kew, by N. L.
Britton 223
the Head Gardener on his visit to
European botanical gardens by G.
V. Nash 141
Research work in the Garden 3
Arrangement of 148
Results of the use of the Stokes fund for
the preservation of native plants, by
N. L. Britton 179
Rhodoleia 50
Richards, Dr. H. M. 6, 7, 149, 151
Robinson, Miss W. 140
Roebling, Mr. C. J. m , 112
Roehrs, Mr. J. no
Rolfs, Prof. P. H. 31
Rost Lake 12
Rowlee, Prof. W. W. 140
Royal palm 217
Rusby, Dr. H. H. 8, 61, 78, 79, 80, 151
on production of cinchona bark and
quinine in the East Indies 51
Rusby, H. H., and Jelliffe, S. E., publi­cations
of 80
Rydberg, Dr. P. A. 6, 7, 37, 149,150, 175
publications of 80, 8i
Sabal Palmetto 30
Sacramento Mountains 107
Saguara 90, 97
Salt grass 137
Sand dune on Flathead prairie 10
San Francisco Peninsula, Plants and
climate of the 5
Saururus 50
Sarcobolus 166
Schaffner collection 57
Scleria canescens 178
Scolopendrium Delavayi 49
Scott, W. 135, 136
Seaweed, an attempt to introduce a,
into the local flora 116
Seeley, Mr. 56
Selby, Professor A. D. 224
Serenoa, 32
Shafer, Mr. John 210
Shrubs and trees of the Southern
States 36
Shuteria sinensis 50
Siebrecht, Messrs. and Son, 112
Silloway peak, 12
Singapore 4
Singkep 4
Sin- yale- a- min 9
Slime Mould ( Pkysarum cinereum) 163
Small, Dr. J. K. 6, 7, 150
publications of 81, 82 '
on the plant picture collection 139
report on a trip to Florida 29
Smith, Mr. C. L. 57
Soil, the temperature of the 125, 224
Solorina ci'ocea 166
Sonora, trip to 89
Spermatophyta, embryology of 7, 150
morphology of 6, 149
taxonomy of 6, 150
Sporobolus 137
Sporormia herculea 165
Sternberg, Charles H. 225
Stokes Fund, results of the use of the,
for the preservation of native plants 179
Stokes, Caroline Phelps 1, 2
Olivia Phelps 1, 2
St. Kitts 4, 109
Suggestions for the preservation of our
native plants 41
Szechwan 48
Szemao 49
Tail- flower, A remarkable plant of a
South American, by Geo. V. Nash 221
Taxodium in the eastern United States 5
Taxonomy, developmental 7, 150
of Algae 149
of Bryophyta 149
of Gramineae 150
of Pteridophyta 150
of Spermatophyta 150
special 7, 150
Temperature of the soil, the 125, 224
Teratology 151
Teucrium laciniatum 138
Texas, western, collecting trip to, F. S.
Earle 137
Thermograph, Hallock 126
Thistleton- Dyer, Sir William T. 141
Thorne, Mr. Samuel 109
Thornber, Prof. J. J. 90, 96
Thousand Islands 34
Todea barbara no
Tonking 49
Torres 92
Torrey, Mr. John 5
Totten's Key 33
Tourney, Prof. J. W. 89
Tracy, Prof. S. M. 137
Trail Lake 12
Trees, Effect of Lightning on 131
Some historic, by L. M. Under­wood,
Tree- ferns, the collection of 109
Trelease, Dr. Wm. 36, 119
Treub, Professor M. 224
Trevesia palmata 50
Trevor, Mrs. J. B. 135
Trichomanes 178
Tritoma crocata U2
Tropical Labratory of the U. S. Dept. of
Agriculture 31
Troy, J. H. 112
Tsuga Canadensis 159
Tucson 89, 96
Tupidanthus 50
Twombly, Mr. H. McK. 207
Uffler, Charles 136
Ulmus Americana 132
Underwood, Prof. 2, 5, 6, 7, 13, 61, 149,
on some historic trees 213
University of Arizona 89
Urban, Dr. 144
Vail, Miss A. M., publications of 82
on some interesting additions to the
library 203
Van Brunt, Mr. Cornelius 2, 61
Veitch, Messrs. & Sons 141
View Lake 12
Vigener herbarium 57
Viola pedata 64
Von Schrenk, Dr. H. 36
Watson, Mr. 141, 174
Weather report 13, 36, 58, 86, 108, 119,
140, 159, 176, 194, 211, 224
Weinberg, Mr. F. 112
Weinmannia hirta 178
Wendland, Herr H. 143
Went, Dr. 143
White, Miss V. S. 175
publications of 83
White Mountains 107
Wild Flower Preservation Society of Am­erica,
The 118
Wildeman, M. de 142
Williams, R. S., publications of 83
Wilson, Percy 40, 175
publications of 82
report on a trip to Porto Rico 178
Withers, Mr. J. W. n o
Witte, Mr. 143
Woman's Municipal League 118
Wood, Mr. James n o , 135
Mr. W. H. S. 112, 136
Yangtse 48
Yunnan 48
Zamia Floridana 32
Zea, Epithelial cells of 5
Zygopetalum Roeblingianum 112
The New York Botanical Garden
Journal of the New York Botanical Garden, monthly, illustrated, con­taining
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READY Jan. 1, 1903.
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Including the author's extensive researches upon etiolation and upon the influence
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The New York Botanical Garden
J o u r n a l of t h e N e w Y o r k B o t a n i c a l Garden, monthly, illustrated, con­taining
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M e m o i r s of t h e N e w Y o r k B o t a n i c a l Garden, Vol. I. An Annotated Cat­alogue
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assistant curator of the museums. An arrangement and critical discussion of the
Pteridophytes and Phanerogams of the region with notes from the author's field book
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map. Price to members of the Garden, $ 1.00. To others, # 2.00. [ Not
offered in exchange.]
C o n t r i b u t i o n a from the N e w Y o r k B o t a n i c a l Garden. A series of tech­nical
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Vol. I. Inclusive of Nos. 1- 25, vi -\- 400 pp. 35 figures in text and 34 plates.
# 5.00 not including postage.
No. 26. Chemical studies of the cocoanut with some notes on the changes
during germination, by Mr. J. E. Kirkwood and Dr. W. J. Gies.
No. 27. Some Mt. Desert fungi, by Miss V. S. White.
No. 2S. Fossil ferns of the Laramie group of Colorado, by Dr. Arthur Hollick.
No. 29. The Polyporacece of North America— I. The Genus Ganoderma, by
Dr. W. A. Murrill.
READY Jan. 1, 1903.
Memoirs of the Garden, Vol. I I . The Influence of Light and Darkness upon
Growth and Development, by Dr. D. T. MacDougal.
Including the author's extensive researches upon etiolation and upon the influence
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